Close to Marina di Ragusa is the provincial capital, Ragusa. The ancient nucleus, Ragusa Ibla was also destroyed by the earthquake of 1693, and reconstructed on a level in front of it. The two cities, the new and the old, had a separate administrative life until 1926 when they were reunited in a single municipality raised to the provincial capital.

In the new city is the Cathedral built between 1706 and 1760, well worth a visit. There are numerous Baroque palaces with typical anthropomorphic depictions in the corbels of the balconies, in the architraves and in the keystones of the doors and windows.

Most of the artistic interest in Ragusa is in the oldest part, which is in Ibla, one of the most interesting historical centres of Sicily. It is advisable to visit it on foot, preferably starting from the square in front of the church of Santa Maria delle Scale, a fifteenth-century church rebuilt in the eighteenth century and from which you can admire the view of the ancient city centre. From the church, the stairs (about two hundred and fifty steps) begin. This is one of the most picturesque streets of Sicily with beautiful eighteenth-century buildings.
The Stairs end at the eighteenth-century church of Santa Maria dell'Idria and in front of the one dedicated to the Souls of Purgatory. The most important monument of Ibla is the Basilica of San Giorgio, designed in 1744 with a tower facade being among the most beautiful, if not the most beautiful, of Sicily. The decorative reliefs on the portal are very elegant, the capitals, all the mouldings and the cornices of the pedestals of the columns. Inside are canvases and works of art. Near the Cathedral there is the neoclassic Circle of Conversation. The main street, which starts from the basilica, then leads to a small square where the church of San Giuseppe is located. Other churches are located within the municipal villa, San Domenico, San Giacomo and Cappuccini Vecchi, to name a few. Ragusa Ibla is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has been the backdrop for several films and used in the stories of Inspector Montalbano.

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Ragusa Ibla is a veritable pearl of the baroque Ibleo, often referred to as a symbol of Sicilian Baroque. There are more than 50 churches, 18 monuments of UNESCO heritage, noble palaces of considerable historical and artistic value, all built with local stone and heavily decorated.